On the current drone market you have a wide range of variety. Some have full blown jet engines and can fly 500 miles per hour on a height of 50.000 feet. Others use batteries to turn their propellers on. Most of them require pilots even though they may sit in a control-room 5.000 miles away. Others are autonomous. In this article we dive deeper in the world of (mobile operated) drones and what the future holds in petto for them.
You have rotors models, that are easier to fly and more stable and you have fixed wing drones. These fly fast and far. Fixed-wing models have more rotors and this means more lift. The more lift a drone model has, the more weight it can carry, fly higher and faster. These multi-rotor drones make use of advanced sensors: Gyroscope (Gyros), which sensors rotational movement and acceleratormeter, which sensors linear movement.
Next, most of the drones need a pilot and they are being controlled with WiFi signals, GPS or radio frequency. Lift means that you push the object upwards into the air. For helicopters this can be achieved by leaning forwards with the propeller blades. However, the speed and stability depends on how many rotor blades you have. Modern helicopters today have at least 3 rotor blades. It also means the more rotor blades you have the faster and higher you can go. With airplanes it’s important that they remain horizontal with lift oft and in the air. In order to maintain horizontal momentum with the right amount of air moving below and above the wings.
In 2017 the Domino’s Pizza company is launching their first test of an Australian delivery service, but warn airspace regulations around commercial drones use need to be relaxed. The fast food chain partnered with Flirtey, an pioneering drone delivery company, which uses remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) controlled by GPS. They guaranty that the pizza’s are delivered within 10 minutes. Drone deliveries are also being conducted by DoDo Pizza in Syktyvkar Russia (2014), Amazon in Cambridge UK (2016), UPS in Florida USA (2017), DHL in Germany (2013) and Xaricraft in Guangdong China (2014). At this moment drones are very popular device for photographing landscapes and take beautiful shots at a high distance. However, they have big potential in the future and are already applied across different diverse fields. In the next paragraphs I go further into those fields.
Another example is that drones are being used for routine inspections and maintenance of hard to access infrastructure. Such as bridges, detouring traffic, sewers, radioactive sources, building inspections, transmission masts and construction supervision. For example Edwin Utilities in Windsor (Canada) use drones to check their power-lines, transformers and other infrastructure, even during a storm. According to Edwin it will help them avoid potential emergency situations, improve the response time and saving costs related to timely repair, restore and timely assessment. Officials in Michigan, across the Detroit River (USA) did a research in 2014 with drones and concluded that a standard bridge deck inspection takes 8 hours with a crew of 4 inspectors with heavy equipment costing $4.600 dollars. The same inspection with the help of a drone took 2 hours costing $250 dollars. It also concludes that these devices are safe, less expensive, more safety for the working crew and reliable.
With the Robird, Smartbird and the Horek devices birds are being chased away from the airstrip of airports. Drones not only chase birds but also hunters in order to protect wildlife. Such as the endangered rhino species in the South African game revers. Archaeologist used these multi-faced drones to map out the Machu Llacta ruins in Peru (2012). After the (20 ) storm the Electric Power Institute and the new Mexico State University (USA) used drones to measure the damages of power-lines. Because drones fly long, have low costs and are remote controlled, they’re being used for climate change and volcano research. With emergency services drones can be very useful. In Switzerland the Technical University of Lausanne used them to search for survivors after an avalanche in (20 ). Tracking wireless mobile phone signals. Also drones help officials with cases such as: kidnapping, searches, rescue work and fire break- outs. And at this moment ambulance drones are being tested with delivering emergency gear such as a defibrillator.
Sesar, the European project to regulate the region’s air traffic management estimated that their will be 400.000 drones available in 2035 by government and commercial parties. Vodafone met with European Aviation Safety Agency to discuss the possibilities of managing the unmanned air traffic on safety, control and regulation. If the deals is approved Vodafone will probably use its expertise in order to track and identify unmanned aircraft’s with their network. With the upkeep, control, regulation of agriculture and nature control they use UAV remote sensory drones. UAV’s process electromagnetic spectrum gamma, biological and chemical sensors in order to measure and detect their surroundings. In (2017) the University of Wageningen used drones in order to protect habitat, checking city warmth efficiency and researched the development and quality of the with the unmanned Arial Remote Sensing Facility.
Their are a couple of misconceptions about this subject, such as the term military drones. In the news you often hear of military drones and that they are autonomous. However, this isn’t the case : almost all UAV’s require a group of skilled operators to pilot and use various systems to keep ”the drones” in the air. Secondly, according to military jargon ”drone” means that there is a lack of expert operators. The military refers to them a UAV’s or a military unmanned Aerial Vehicle System. Modern UAV’s tend to crash allot and are quite expensive in maintenance. Most of them use a satellite up-link and are hard and dangerous to jam, because of the high amount of electric power involved, unlike their commercial drone counterparts that use radio frequency, WiFi or GPS. And are used for combat, surveillance or aerial reconnaissance. And at this moment USA, UK and Israel are the only nations that use them in combat. However, 82 countries have some sore of drone program, such as Iran, China and Russia.
In conclusion in allot of industries drones play a important part of their routines in order to do check ups, surveillance etc. etc. Drones can make their jobs easier, saver and more flexible. However, we must take action to regulate laws for the mass and keep an eye on organizations that use them on a commercial level.
Sources are coming soon